Teaching Time including Seasons, Months and Days of the Week

Where to start

Telling time is an important aspect of Mathematics. If your child/learner has not yet grasped the concept of time, this can affect their learning in later years and particularly affect their understanding of how to measure time. It is important to break these down slowly. Lower year levels can start with seasons and their cycle before moving into months and days. It is important to have your learner recognise not just the number but also the word format as a lot of students begin to struggle with worded problems in later years.

Where learners struggle

Telling Time to the minute

Younger learners have a little difficulty learning about “half past, quarter past, and quarter to” as they need to focus on whether the hour clock is reaching the number or if it’s already past the hour.

Children in more advanced levels tend to struggle when it comes to AM and PM as the day starts with 12am. Focus on these a little as this can confuse them in 24 hour time where all the PMs would need to include an additional 12 to the hour except 12pm.

Tricks to teach learners

Point out the following in your lessons:

  • Associate the 3 with quarter past, 9 with quarter to, 6 with half past, and 12 with o’clock.
  • Spelling should also be focused on as they will need to know these words.
  • Discuss how 12am is midnight and 12pm is noon.
  • Highlight  how there is 60 seconds in a minute and 60 minutes in a second so adding or subtracting it will require converting of the units.

How to use our kits

Our kits are provided as PDF printable files. Each will have a year level guide as well as an activity guide. The year level guide provides an idea of what level of learning your learner should be comprehending while the activity guide provides a few interactive ideas on how to effectively teach them. You are of course, free to create your own activities along with our kits. You will need to print these kits out on your own and possibly laminate and use a whiteboard marker for some of them if you wish to re-use them a few times.

You can download the Telling Time Kit here.

Important Information

Please remember that Tutor Kits is based in Australia. That means that these activities and guides are based on the Australian curriculum and may not be suitable for overseas learning. Always check with your school about appropriate learning levels.

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